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 Vowel Harmony

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MesajKonu: Vowel Harmony   Çarş. 6 Ağus. - 18:39

Vowel Harmony
The Eight Vowels of Turkish
Un-dotted Vowel Group
a
ı
o
u

Dotted Vowel Group
e
i
ö
ü


One very interesting feature of Turkish is that the eight vowels can be divided into two groups, the UnDotted and the Dotted vowels.
Dotted vowels are pronounced at the front of the mouth (as the French Language) while their UnDotted counterparts are pronounced at the back of the mouth (more like English).
Vowel Harmony Basics

1. The E-Dotted Group of four vowels are e, i, ö, ü
2. The A-UnDotted Group of four vowels are a, ı, o, u.

The harmony lies in the fact that all Turkish words of Altaic Turkic Origin are pronounced either entirely containing A-UnDotted Vowels, like kapılar - doors or bulmacaları - their crosswords, or entirely containing E-Dotted Vowels, like evlerinden - from their house - or köylüler - the villagers.

Grammatical and verb suffixes also follow vowel harmony, being divided into two groups for front-vowel words and back-vowel words.

For example, the Undotted - back-vowel - plural suffix -lar would be added to kapı to form the word for - doors - ie. kapılar whereas the Dotted - front-vowel - plural suffix -ler would be added to köylü to produce - villagers - ie köylüler.

In short, UnDotted Vowels follow UnDotted Vowels and Dotted Vowels follow Dotted Vowels.

Turkish has many imported foreign words from French, such as televizyon - télévision and müzisyen - musician, kuaför - coiffure that have been modified phonetically to the Turkish Alphabet and incorporated into the language. These are spelled according to Turkish phonetics and often have both front and back vowels within one word.

Such is true for the numerous Turkish words of Arabic origin, such as mektup - letter and merhaba - hello, and of Persian origin as hane - office - where vowel harmony does not occur in the word itself. In these cases, consistent with the general rule for vowel harmony in Turkish, the final vowel of the word determines the vowel harmony for suffixation.

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